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Home > Personal Security > Personal Security -The Truth About Self Defense Sprays
PERSONAL SECURITY-The Truth About Self Defense Sprays

The Truth About Self Defense Sprays

             There’s a large amount of self defense spray on the market--there seems to be a new product every few months.  A huge amount is ineffective, especially if your attacker is either mentally challenged or is on some type of street drugs or even legal pharmaceuticals. 

             We’re concerned about the junk that's being dumped on the market so we want you to be able to make an informed decision. It’s true that you can search the Internet and find different types of self defense spray selling very cheaply but what are you getting?  Most of these products don’t provide enough information for the consumer to compare apples to apples.  When it comes to protection of your life or your family's ability to stop an attacker, you don't want to rely on this bargain-basement junk.  Self defense sprays are already inexpensive so don’t take a chance on a cheap, special closeout!  Read further to understand why.

            An effective self defense spray starts with a strong chemical base. The chemical isn't the only factor to consider but it's a major one.  There are basically two types that have been tested over a long period of time: Tear Gas and Pepper Spray.  A third chemical known as CS is used by many law enforcement agencies in riot control situations. Let’s review these chemicals.

Tear Gas (CN)           

          The chemical Chloracetophenone, commonly called CN, was discovered by a German chemist in 1869 and is accepted as "tear gas" by law enforcement and military agencies throughout the world.  CN in minute quantities has an apple blossom odor.  In larger quantities, it causes a heavy flow of tears and mucous, and a burning and itching of moist exposed skin.  CN will produce nausea in very large quantities.  It is classified as an irritant.


          CS is a chemical known as ortho-Chlorobenzalmalononitrile. It is a white solid crystalline that has been used as an anti-pioy agent for many years.  Developed in the 1920s, CS can be disseminated in grenades, projectiles, aerosols, or as a powder.   CS is manufactured in the United States for law enforcement and is not suitable for personal defense sprays.

Pepper Spray (OC)            

          Pepper Spray is a chemical compound commonly called OC which stands for Oleoresin Capsicum, a derivative of hot cayenne peppers. OC is the newest self defense spray type but there are a number of cheap substandard products on the market.  

            Unlike tear gas, OC is an inflammatory agent. Upon contact with mucous membranes (e.g., eyes, nose, throat, lungs) it causes an instant dilation of the capillaries of the eyes, resulting in temporary blindness.  At the same time, inflammation of the tissues occurs, cutting off all but life support breathing.

            OC is often rated by a percentage of the content of the amount of product in the container, such as 5% or 10%.   That's important, but what is even more important is the Scoville heat rating. You could have a 25% OC base in the product, but if the heat rating is not high enough, the chemical is simply are not strong.  You need to look for 1.5 to 2 million Scoville heat unit rating, 2 million being the highest allowed by federal law for consumer use.  Some of the UDAP bear sprays that we sell have 3 million heat units and are one of a handful of products registered with and approved by the EPA.  All UDAP products are environmentally friendly, yet super strong.

           All this is good, but the most important element to look for, and the one almost never advertised, is the percentage of Capsaicinoids.  The EPA's approved level of CRCs for Bear deterrent is between 1% and 2%.   It’s the only kind we sell—all our pepper spray comes from this source, at this strength.  Manufacturers of most pepper spray don’t even inform the consumer of this key information. 

Disadvantages of pepper spray:

            There is but one disadvantage of good pepper spray and that’s the use of it in a high wind (you must stand downwind in order to be spared blowback) or its use in confined areas such as your home, car, elevators, stair wells, etc.  Use a stun gun in these instances. 

            Of course, there are huge disadvantages of weak pepper spray.  Don't buy it! 

Overview of What to Look for In Effective Pepper Spray:

  • Chemical grain size is important—the finer the grain the more effective the spray
  • Force of sprayany pressurized canister will lose its force over time.  Be sure you purchase from a reputable company whose sprays have not been sitting in a warehouse for years or stored under improper conditions before being offered for sale. 
  • Distance and range of spray
  • Volume--amount of spray in your container ( be sure to buy the correct amount for your needs--bear spray must be in a larger amount than that for use on humans, there are other differences as well)
  • A guard against accidental discharge is always necessary.   Some cop tops are sold because police desire them, but the average consumer should purchase a spray with some type of safety
  • Ease of carry and fire.  Pepper spray should be easily accessible with a quickly removable safety
  • Agents for dying the attacker have been known to cause the nozzle to clog--We don't sell products that include them
  • Percentage of CRCs.  The CRCs are the active ingredient in hot peppers that give them their fiery strength.  The percentage of CRCs in the capsaicin determines the OC’s (Oleoresin Capsicum) strength.  Most pepper sprays advertise that their product has the highest allowable percentage of OCs or 200 to 300 thousand Scoville Heat Units. 

    This is only part of the truth
    .  If the percentages of CRCs are low, it doesn’t matter how high the Heat Units, as the spray will not be as hot as possible. 
  • Mixing OC with other chemicals is a popular notion, but there have been problems with this.  We stick to the pure OC by itself which has been shown, in tests, to be more effective, faster acting, and shown to have fewer complications.  
  • The EPA's approved level of CRCs for Bear deterrent is between 1% and 2%.  It’s the only kind we sell—all our pepper spray comes from this source, at this strength. 

UDAP Pepper Spray range of spray

See the distance and force of each of the products.                                
                                                                                                                                                   SEE MORE

UDAP Pepper Spray Testimonials

Read what real people have to say about this superior
spray.  It has saved lives!

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